Prophet Solomon/Sulaiman

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

(27:15) And We had certainly given to David and Solomon knowledge, and they said, “Praise [is due] to Allah, who has favored us over many of His believing servants.”
(27:16) And Solomon inherited David. He said, “O people, we have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given from all things. Indeed, this is evident bounty.”
(27:17) And gathered for Solomon were his soldiers of the jinn and men and birds, and they were [marching] in rows.
(27:18) Until, when they came upon the valley of the ants, an ant said, “O ants, enter your dwellings that you not be crushed by Solomon and his soldiers while they perceive not.”
(27:19) So [Solomon] smiled, amused at her speech, and said, “My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to do righteousness of which You approve. And admit me by Your mercy into [the ranks of] Your righteous servants.”
(27:20) And he took attendance of the birds and said, “Why do I not see the hoopoe – or is he among the absent?
(27:21) I will surely punish him with a severe punishment or slaughter him unless he brings me clear authorization.”
(27:22) But the hoopoe stayed not long and said, “I have encompassed [in knowledge] that which you have not encompassed, and I have come to you from Sheba with certain news.
(27:23) Indeed, I found [there] a woman ruling them, and she has been given of all things, and she has a great throne.
(27:24) I found her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah, and Satan has made their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from [His] way, so they are not guided,
(27:25) [And] so they do not prostrate to Allah, who brings forth what is hidden within the heavens and the earth and knows what you conceal and what you declare –
(27:26) Allah – there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Great Throne.”
(27:27) [Solomon] said, “We will see whether you were truthful or were of the liars.
(27:28) Take this letter of mine and deliver it to them. Then leave them and see what [answer] they will return.”
(27:29) She said, “O eminent ones, indeed, to me has been delivered a noble letter.
(27:30) Indeed, it is from Solomon, and indeed, it reads: ‘In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful,
(27:31) Be not haughty with me but come to me in submission [as Muslims].’ ”
(27:32) She said, “O eminent ones, advise me in my affair. I would not decide a matter until you witness [for] me.”
(27:33) They said, “We are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command.”
(27:34) She said, “Indeed kings – when they enter a city, they ruin it and render the honored of its people humbled. And thus do they do.
(27:35) But indeed, I will send to them a gift and see with what [reply] the messengers will return.”
(27:36) So when they came to Solomon, he said, “Do you provide me with wealth? But what Allah has given me is better than what He has given you. Rather, it is you who rejoice in your gift.
(27:37) Return to them, for we will surely come to them with soldiers that they will be powerless to encounter, and we will surely expel them therefrom in humiliation, and they will be debased.”
(27:38) [Solomon] said, “O assembly [of jinn], which of you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?”
(27:39) A powerful one from among the jinn said, “I will bring it to you before you rise from your place, and indeed, I am for this [task] strong and trustworthy.”
(27:40) Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, “I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.” And when [Solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, “This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful – his gratitude is only for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever is ungrateful – then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous.”
(27:41) He said, “Disguise for her her throne; we will see whether she will be guided [to truth] or will be of those who is not guided.”
(27:42) So when she arrived, it was said [to her], “Is your throne like this?” She said, “[It is] as though it was it.” [Solomon said], “And we were given knowledge before her, and we have been Muslims [in submission to Allah].
(27:43) And that which she was worshipping other than Allah had averted her [from submission to Him]. Indeed, she was from a disbelieving people.”
(27:44) She was told, “Enter the palace.” But when she saw it, she thought it was a body of water and uncovered her shins [to wade through]. He said, “Indeed, it is a palace [whose floor is] made smooth with glass.” She said, “My Lord, indeed I have wronged myself, and I submit with Solomon to Allah, Lord of the worlds.”

(21:78) And [mention] David and Solomon, when they judged concerning the field – when the sheep of a people overran it [at night], and We were witness to their judgement.
(21:79) And We gave understanding of the case to Solomon, and to each [of them] We gave judgement and knowledge. And We subjected the mountains to exalt [Us], along with David and [also] the birds. And We were doing [that].
(21:80) And We taught him the fashioning of coats of armor to protect you from your [enemy in] battle. So will you then be grateful?
(21:81) And to Solomon [We subjected] the wind, blowing forcefully, proceeding by his command toward the land which We had blessed. And We are ever, of all things, Knowing.
(21:82) And of the devils were those who dived for him and did work other than that. And We were of them a guardian.

(38:30) And to David We gave Solomon, an excellent servant, indeed he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah].
(38:31) [Mention] when there were exhibited before him in the afternoon the poised [standing] racehorses.
(38:32) And he said, “Indeed, I gave preference to the love of good [things] over the remembrance of my Lord until the sun disappeared into the curtain [of darkness].” (In testing race of the racehorses, they disappeared from sight)
(38:33) [He said], “Return them to me,” and set about striking [their] legs and necks.
(38:34) And We certainly tried Solomon and placed a body on his throne; then he returned [in repentance].
(38:35) He said, “My Lord, forgive me and grant me a kingdom such as will not belong to anyone after me. Indeed, You are the Bestower [real Giver].”
(38:36) So We subjected to him the wind blowing by his command, gently, wherever he directed,
(38:37) And [also] the devils [of jinn] – every builder and diver
(38:38) And others bound together in shackles.
(38:39) [We said], “This is Our gift, so grant or withhold without account.”
(38:40) And indeed, for him is nearness to Us and a good place of return.

(34:12) And to Solomon [We subjected] the wind – its morning [journey was that of] a month – and its afternoon [journey was that of] a month, and We made flow for him a spring of [liquid] copper. And among the jinn were those who worked for him by the permission of his Lord. And whoever deviated among them from Our command – We will make him taste of the punishment of the Blaze.
(34:13) They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles. [We said], “Work, O family of David, in gratitude.” And few of My servants are grateful.
(34:14) And when We decreed for Solomon death, nothing indicated to the jinn his death except a creature of the earth eating his staff. But when he fell, it became clear to the jinn that if they had known the unseen, they would not have remained in humiliating punishment.
(34:15) There was for [the tribe of] Saba’ in their dwelling place a sign: two [fields of] gardens on the right and on the left. [They were told], “Eat from the provisions of your Lord and be grateful to Him. A good land [have you], and a forgiving Lord.”
(34:16) But they turned away [refusing], so We sent upon them the flood of the dam, and We replaced their two [fields of] gardens with gardens of bitter fruit, tamarisks and something of sparse lote trees.
(34:17) [By] that We repaid them because they disbelieved. And do We [thus] repay except the ungrateful?
(34:18) And We placed between them and the cities which We had blessed [many] visible cities. And We determined between them the [distances of] journey, [saying], “Travel between them by night or day in safety.”
(34:19) But [insolently] they said, “Our Lord, lengthen the distance between our journeys,” and wronged themselves, so We made them narrations and dispersed them in total dispersion. Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful.
(34:20) And Iblees had already confirmed through them his assumption, so they followed him, except for a party of believers.
(34:21) And he had over them no authority except [it was decreed] that We might make evident who believes in the Hereafter from who is thereof in doubt. And your Lord, over all things, is Guardian.

(2:102) And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].” And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah. And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.
(2:103) And if they had believed and feared Allah, then the reward from Allah would have been [far] better, if they only knew.

The translatin of the Meanings of Sahih Al-Bukhari, Arabic – English, Volume-4, translated by Dr Muhamad Muhsin Khan, Darussalam publishers and distributors

60 – The book of the stories of the Prophets

hadith-4 cover

P.397 no.3423
Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “A strong demon from the jinns came to me yesterday suddenly, so as to spoil my prayer (salat), but Allah enabled me to overpower him, and so I caught him and intended to tie him to one of the pillars of the mosque so that all of you might see him, but I remembered the invocation of my brother Solomon (Sulaiman): ‘…And bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me…’ (Quran 38:35)  So, I let him go disgraced.”

P.398 no. 3424
Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Solomon (Sulaiman) the son of David (Dawud) said, ‘Tonight I will sleep with seventy ladies, each of whom will conceive a child who will be a knight fighting for Allah’s Cause.’  His companion said to him (say): ‘If Allah will.’  But Solomon (Sulaiman) did not say so; therefore none of those women got pregnant except one, who gave birth to a half child.”  The Prophet (peace be upon him) further said, “If the Prophet Solomon (Sulaiman) had said it (i.e. If Allah’s will) he would have begotten children who would have fought in Allah’s Cause.”

[Note: Shu’aib and Ibn Abi Az-Zinad said, “Ninety (women) is more correct (than seventy).”]

P.399 no.3427
Narrated Abu Hurairah: I heard Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) saying, “There were two women, each of whom had a child with her.  A wolf came and took away the child of one of them, whereupon the other said, ‘It has taken your child.’  The first said, ‘But it has taken your child.’  So, they both carried the case before David (Dawud) who judged that the living child be given to the elder lady.  So, both of them went to Solomon (Sulaiman) the son of David (Dawud) and informed him (of the case).  He said, ‘Bring me a knife so as to cut the child into two pieces and distribute it between them.’  The younger lady said, ‘May Allah be Merciful to you!  Don’t do that, for it is hers (i.e. the other lady’s) child.’  So, he gave the child to the younger lady.”