Prophet David/Dawood

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

(2:246) Have you not considered the assembly of the Children of Israel after [the time of] Moses when they said to a prophet of theirs, “Send to us a king, and we will fight in the way of Allah “? He said, “Would you perhaps refrain from fighting if fighting was prescribed for you?” They said, “And why should we not fight in the cause of Allah when we have been driven out from our homes and from our children?” But when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, except for a few of them. And Allah is Knowing of the wrongdoers.
(2:247) And their prophet said to them, “Indeed, Allah has sent to you Saul as a king.” They said, “How can he have kingship over us while we are more worthy of kingship than him and he has not been given any measure of wealth?” He said, “Indeed, Allah has chosen him over you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah gives His sovereignty to whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing [in favor] and Knowing.”
(2:248) And their prophet said to them, “Indeed, a sign of his kingship is that the chest will come to you in which is assurance from your Lord and a remnant of what the family of Moses and the family of Aaron had left, carried by the angels. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers.”
(2:249) And when Saul went forth with the soldiers, he said, “Indeed, Allah will be testing you with a river. So whoever drinks from it is not of me, and whoever does not taste it is indeed of me, excepting one who takes [from it] in the hollow of his hand.” But they drank from it, except a [very] few of them. Then when he had crossed it along with those who believed with him, they said, “There is no power for us today against Goliath and his soldiers.” But those who were certain that they would meet Allah said, “How many a small company has overcome a large company by permission of Allah. And Allah is with the patient.”
(2:250) And when they went forth to [face] Goliath and his soldiers, they said, “Our Lord, pour upon us patience and plant firmly our feet and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”
(2:251) So they defeated them by permission of Allah, and David killed Goliath, and Allah gave him the kingship and prophethood and taught him from that which He willed. And if it were not for Allah checking [some] people by means of others, the earth would have been corrupted, but Allah is full of bounty to the worlds.
(2:252) These are the verses of Allah which We recite to you, [O Muhammad], in truth. And indeed, you are from among the messengers.

(17:55) And your Lord is most knowing of whoever is in the heavens and the earth. And We have made some of the prophets exceed others [in various ways], and to David We gave the book [of Psalms].

(38:17) Be patient over what they say and remember Our servant, David, the possessor of strength; indeed, he was one who repeatedly turned back [to Allah].
(38:18) Indeed, We subjected the mountains [to praise] with him, exalting [Allah] in the [late] afternoon and [after] sunrise.
(38:19) And the birds were assembled, all with him repeating [praises].
(38:20) And We strengthened his kingdom and gave him wisdom and discernment in speech.
(38:21) And has there come to you the news of the adversaries, when they climbed over the wall of [his] prayer chamber –
(38:22) When they entered upon David and he was alarmed by them? They said, “Fear not. [We are] two adversaries, one of whom has wronged the other, so judge between us with truth and do not exceed [it] and guide us to the sound path.
(38:23) Indeed this, my brother, has ninety-nine ewes, and I have one ewe; so he said, ‘Entrust her to me,’ and he overpowered me in speech.”
(38:24) [David] said, “He has certainly wronged you in demanding your ewe [in addition] to his ewes. And indeed, many associates oppress one another, except for those who believe and do righteous deeds – and few are they.” And David became certain that We had tried him, and he asked forgiveness of his Lord and fell down bowing [in prostration] and turned in repentance [to Allah].
(38:25) So We forgave him that; and indeed, for him is nearness to Us and a good place of return.
(38:26) [We said], “O David, indeed We have made you a successor upon the earth, so judge between the people in truth and do not follow [your own] desire, as it will lead you astray from the way of Allah .” Indeed, those who go astray from the way of Allah will have a severe punishment for having forgotten the Day of Account.
(38:27) And We did not create the heaven and the earth and that between them aimlessly. That is the assumption of those who disbelieve, so woe to those who disbelieve from the Fire.

(34:10) And We certainly gave David from Us bounty. [We said], “O mountains, repeat [Our] praises with him, and the birds [as well].” And We made pliable for him iron,
(34:11) [Commanding him], “Make full coats of mail and calculate [precisely] the links, and work [all of you] righteousness. Indeed I, of what you do, am Seeing.”

(27:15) And We had certainly given to David and Solomon knowledge, and they said, “Praise [is due] to Allah, who has favored us over many of His believing servants.”
(27:16) And Solomon inherited David. He said, “O people, we have been taught the language of birds, and we have been given from all things. Indeed, this is evident bounty.”

(21:78) And [mention] David and Solomon, when they judged concerning the field – when the sheep of a people overran it [at night], and We were witness to their judgement.
(21:79) And We gave understanding of the case to Solomon, and to each [of them] We gave judgement and knowledge. And We subjected the mountains to exalt [Us], along with David and [also] the birds. And We were doing [that].
(21:80) And We taught him the fashioning of coats of armor to protect you from your [enemy in] battle. So will you then be grateful?
(21:81) And to Solomon [We subjected] the wind, blowing forcefully, proceeding by his command toward the land which We had blessed. And We are ever, of all things, Knowing.
(21:82) And of the devils were those who dived for him and did work other than that. And We were of them a guardian.

(21:105) And We have already written in the book [of Psalms] after the [previous] mention that the land [of Paradise] is inherited by My righteous servants.
(21:106) Indeed, in this [Qur’an] is notification for a worshipping people.

(5:78) Cursed were those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel by the tongue of David and of Jesus, the son of Mary. That was because they disobeyed and [habitually] transgressed.
(5:79) They used not to prevent one another from wrongdoing that they did. How wretched was that which they were doing.

(4:163) Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him. And we revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Descendants, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the book [of Psalms].

The translatin of the Meanings of Sahih Al-Bukhari, Arabic – English, Volume-4, translated by Dr Muhamad Muhsin Khan, Darussalam publishers and distributors

60 – The book of the stories of the Prophets

hadith-4 cover

P.392 no.3417
Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The reciting of the Psalms (Zabur) was made easy for David (Dawud).  He used to order that his riding animals be saddled, and would finish reciting the Psalms (Zabur) before they were saddled.  And he would never eat except from the earnings of his manual work.”

P.393 no.3419
Narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to me, “I have been informed that you offer prayer (Salat) all the nights and observe fast (Saum) all the days; is this true?” I replied, “Yes.”  He said, “If you do so, your eyes will become weak and you will get bored.  So observe fast (Saum) three days a month, for this will be the fast of a whole year.”  I said, “I find myself able to observe fast more.”  He said, “Then observe fast like the fasting of (the Prophet) David (Dawud) who used to fast on alternate days and would not flee on facing the enemy.”

P.394 no.3420
Narrated Abdullah bin Amr: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said to me, “The most beloved fasting (Saum) to Allah was the fast of (the Prophet) David (Dawud) who used to observe fast on alternate days.  And the most beloved prayer (Salat) to Allah was the prayer of David (Dawud) who used to sleep for (the first) half of the night and offer prayer for 1/3 of it and (again) sleep for a sixth of it.”