Prophet Adam

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

(2:30) Behold, when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.”
(2:31) And He taught Adam the names – all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, “Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful.”
(2:32) They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.”
(2:33) He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.” And when he had informed them of their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.”
(2:34) And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate before Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers.
(2:35) And We said, “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.”
(2:36) But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, “Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.”
(2:37) Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
(2:38) We said, “Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.
(2:39) And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs – those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.”

(32:6) That is the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, the Exalted in Might, the Merciful,
(32:7) Who perfected everything which He created and began the creation of man from clay.
(32:8) Then He made his posterity out of the extract of a liquid disdained
(32:9) Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His [created] soul and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.

(55:14) He created man from clay like [that of] pottery.
(55:15) And He created the jinn from a smokeless flame of fire.

(7:11) Indeed, We created you, then We fashioned you, then We asked the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam.” They all prostrated accordingly except Iblees (Shaitan) who did not join those who prostrated.
(7:12) Allah said: “What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?” He replied: “I am better than he; you created me from fire and him from clay.”
(7:13) Allah said: “Get down from here. You have no right to brag here of your superiority. Get out, henceforth you are of the petty ones.”
(7:14) Shaitan requested: “Give me respite till the Day of Resurrection.”
(7:15) Allah said: “The respite you requested is hereby granted.”
(7:16) Shaitan declared: “Since You let me deviate, now I will lie in ambush for mankind on Your Right Way.
(7:17) I will come upon them from the front, from the rear, from the right, and from the left, and You will not find most of them to be grateful.”
(7:18) Allah said: “Get out from here, you despicable outcast; I will certainly fill hell with you and all of them who follow you.”
(7:19) (Allah said:) “O Adam! Dwell with your wife in paradise and eat any fruit you please; but never approach this tree or you shall both become wrongdoers.”
(7:20) But Shaitan tempted them so that he might revel to them the private parts of their bodies which they had never seen before. He told them: “Your Rabb has forbidden you to approach this tree only to prevent you from becoming angels or immortals.”
(7:21) And he swore to them both: “I am your sincere adviser.”
(7:22) Thus he cunningly seduced them, and when they ate from the tee, their shame became visible to them and they began to cover themselves with the leaves of the garden.  Then their Rabb called out to them: “Did I not forbid you to approach that tree, and did not I warn you that Shaitan was your open enemy?”
(7:23) They both replied: “Our Rabb! We have wronged our souls.  If You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, we shall certainly be of the losers.”
(7:24) Allah said: “Go down, some of you are the enemy of others.  The Earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood for a fixed term.”
(7:25) He further said: “Therein you shall live and therein you shall die, and there from you shall be raised to life.”
(7:26) O children of Adam! We have sent down to you clothing to cover your nakedness and as an adornment, however, the best clothing is the clothing of piety.  This is one of Allah’s revelations so that the people may learn a lesson.
(7:27) O children of Adam! Let not Shaitan seduce you in the same manner as he seduced your parents out of paradise through stripping them of heir clothing in order to expose their nakedness.  He and his tribe watch you from where you cannot see them.  We have permitted the shaitans to be the guardians over the unbelievers.

Whom Allah has cursed. For he had said, “I will surely take from among Your servants a specific portion. And I will mislead them, and I will arouse in them [sinful] desires, and I will command them so they will slit the ears of cattle, and I will command them so they will change the creation of Allah.” And whoever takes Satan as an ally instead of Allah has certainly sustained a clear loss. Satan promises them and arouses desire in them. But Satan does not promise them except delusion.

(15:26) We created man from sounding clay, black mud moulded into shape;
(15:27) while before him We had created Jinn from smokeless fire.
(15:28) (Remember) when your Rabb said to the angels: “I am about to create a man from sounding clay, black mud moulded into shape;
(15:29) when I complete his moulding and breath into him of My spirit, kneel down and prostrate before him.”
(15:30) Accordingly the angels prostrated altogether,
(15:31) except Iblees (the Satan); he refused to join those who prostrated.
(15:32) Allah asked: “O Iblees! What is the matter with you that you did not join those who prostrated?”
(15:33) He replied: “It does not behoove me to prostrate myself to this man whom You have created from sounding clay, black mud moulded into shape.”
(15:34) Allah said: “Get out of here, you are accursed.”
(15:35) The curse will remain on you till the Day of Judgement.”
(15:36) At this Iblees requested: “Rabb! Give me respite till the Day of Resurrection.”
(15:37) Allah said: “All right! You are given the respite
(15:38) till the Day of appointed time.”
(15:39) Iblees said: “Rabb! Since You let me go astray, I will make evil fair-seeming to them on earth and I will seduce them all
(15:40) except those of them who are Your sincere devotees.”
(15:41) Allah said: “This course of action is all right with Me
(15:42) – you will not have any authority over My devotees except those misguided ones who follow you.
(15:43) They will be all destined for Hell,
(15:44) which has seven gates, each gate will be assigned to a separate group from among them.”
(15:45) The righteous will be in the midst of the gardens and fountains of paradise
(15:46) and it will be said to them: “Enter into these in peace and security.”
(15:47) We shall remove all hatred from their hearts – they will become like brothers and sit on couches face to face.
(15:48) No fatigue will touch them in there, nor will they ever be asked to leave.
(15:49) O Prophet! Tell My devotees that I am indeed the Forgiving, the Merciful;
(15:50) but at the same time My punishment is also the most painful punishment.

(17:60) And when We told you, “Indeed, your Lord has encompassed the people.” And We did not make the sight which We showed you except as a trial for the people, as was the accursed tree [mentioned] in the Qur’an. And We threaten them, but it increases them not except in great transgression.
(17:61) Behold! We said to the angels: “Bow down to Adam”. They bowed down except Iblees: he said: “Shall I bow down to one whom you created from clay?”
(17:62) He said “Do you see? This is the one whom You have honoured above me! If You will but respite me to the Day of Judgement, I will surely bring his descendants under my sway – all but a few!”
(17:63) (Allah) said: “Go your way; if any of them follow you, verily Hell will be the recompense of you (all) – an ample recompense.
(17:64) “Lead to destruction those whom you can among them, with your (seductive) voice; make assaults on them with your cavalry and your infantry; mutually share with them wealth and children; and make promises to them.” But Satan promises them nothing but deceit.
(17:65) “As for My servants, no authority you shall have over them.” Enough is your Lord for a Disposer of affairs.

(18:50) And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange.
(18:51) I did not make them witness to the creation of the heavens and the earth or to the creation of themselves, and I would not have taken the misguiders as assistants.

(20:115) And We had already taken a promise from Adam before, but he forgot; and We found not in him determination.
(20:116) And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except Iblees; he refused.
(20:117) So We said, “O Adam, indeed this is an enemy to you and to your wife. Then let him not remove you from Paradise so you would suffer.
(20:118) Indeed, it is [promised] for you not to be hungry therein or be unclothed.
(20:119) And indeed, you will not be thirsty therein or be hot from the sun.”
(20:120) Then Satan whispered to him; he said, “O Adam, shall I direct you to the tree of eternity and possession that will not deteriorate?”
(20:121) And Adam and his wife ate of it, and their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And Adam disobeyed his Lord and erred.
(20:122) Then his Lord chose him and turned to him in forgiveness and guided [him].
(20:123) [ Allah ] said, “Descend from Paradise – all, [your descendants] being enemies to one another. And if there should come to you guidance from Me – then whoever follows My guidance will neither go astray [in the world] nor suffer [in the Hereafter].
(20:124) And whoever turns away from My remembrance – indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind.”
(20:125) He will say, “My Lord, why have you raised me blind while I was [once] seeing?”
(20:126) [ Allah ] will say, “Thus did Our signs come to you, and you forgot them; and thus will you this Day be forgotten.”

(23:12) And certainly did We create man from an extract of clay.
(23:13) Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging.
(23:14) Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.
(23:15) Then indeed, after that you are to die.
(23:16) Then indeed you, on the Day of Resurrection, will be resurrected.

(38:71) [So mention] when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay.
(38:72) So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration.”
(38:73) So the angels prostrated – all of them entirely.
(38:74) Except Iblees; he was arrogant and became among the disbelievers.
(38:75) [ Allah ] said, “O Iblees, what prevented you from prostrating to that which I created with My hands? Were you arrogant [then], or were you [already] among the haughty?”
(38:76) He said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay.”
(38:77) [ Allah ] said, “Then get out of Paradise, for indeed, you are expelled.
(38:78) And indeed, upon you is My curse until the Day of Recompense.”
(38:79) He said, “My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected.”
(38:80) [ Allah ] said, “So indeed, you are of those reprieved
(38:81) Until the Day of the time well-known.”
(38:82) [Iblees] said, “By your might, I will surely mislead them all
(38:83) Except, among them, Your chosen servants.”
(38:84) [ Allah ] said, “The truth [is My oath], and the truth I say –
(38:85) [That] I will surely fill Hell with you and those of them that follow you all together.”

(33:72) Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant.
(33:73) [It was] so that Allah may punish the hypocrite men and hypocrite women and the men and women who associate others with Him and that Allah may accept repentance from the believing men and believing women. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.

(5:27) Recite to them in all truth the story of Adam’s two sons: How each offered a sacrifice, and how the offering of one was accepted while that of the other was not. The latter said: “I will kill you.” The former replied: “Allah only accepts the sacrifice from the righteous.
(5:28) Even if you stretch your hand to kill me, I shall not stretch my hand to slay you, for I fear Allah, the Rabb (Lord) of the worlds.
(5:29) I intend to let you bear the burden of my sins as well as yours and thus became an inmate of the Fire which is the reward for wrongdoers.”
(5:30) The latter’s soul prompted him to kill hi brother; he killed him and thus became one of the losers.
(5:31) Then Allah sent a raven, which dug the ground to show him how to bury the dead body of his brother. “Alas!” He cried, “I failed even to be like this raven to find some way to dispose of the dead body of my brother!” So he became full of regrets.

(30:20) And of His signs is that He created you from dust; then, suddenly you were human beings dispersing [throughout the earth].
(30:21) And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.
(30:22) And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your languages and your colors. Indeed in that are signs for those of knowledge.

(49:13) O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.

(76:1) Has there not been over Man a long period of Time, when he was nothing – (not even) mentioned?
(76:2) Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: so We gave him (the gifts) of Hearing and Sight.
(76:3) We showed him the Way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rest on his will).

Alay Imran
(3:33) Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Noah and the family of Abraham and the family of ‘Imran over the worlds –
(3:34) They were the offspring from one another. And Allah is all Hearing and all Knowing.

(2:213) Mankind was [of] one religion [before their deviation]; then Allah sent the prophets as bringers of good tidings and warners and sent down with them the Scripture in truth to judge between the people concerning that in which they differed. And none differed over the Scripture except those who were given it – after the clear proofs came to them – out of jealous animosity among themselves. And Allah guided those who believed to the truth concerning that over which they had differed, by His permission. And Allah guides whom He wills to a straight path.

(17:70) And We have certainly honored the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference.

(4:1) O mankind! Have fear of your Rabb (Lord), the One who created you from a single soul, from that soul He created its mate, and through them He spread countless men and women.  Fear Allah, the One in whose name you demand your rights (from one another) and the ties of relationship; surely Allah is watching you very closely.

(4:152) As for those who believe in Allah and His Messengers and do not discriminate between any of them, We shall soon give them their due rewards. Allah is Forgiving.

The translatin of the Meanings of Sahih Al-Bukhari, Arabic – English, Volume-4, translated by Dr Muhamad Muhsin Khan, Darussalam publishers and distributors

60 – The book of the stories of the Prophets

hadith-4 cover

P.326 number: 3326. Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Allah created Adam, and his height was 60 cubits. (When He created him), He said to him: “Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting of your offspring.”

So, Adam said (to the angels): “Assalamu Alaikum” (i.e. peace is upon you). The angels replied (saying), “Assalamu Alaika wa Rahmatullahi” (i.e. peace and Allah’s Mercy be upon you). Thus the angels added to Adam’s salutation the expression “Wa Rahmatullahi. Any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature since Adam’s creation.”

P326 number: 3327. Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “The first group of people who will enter Paradise will be glittering like the moon on a full-moon night, and those who will follow them will glitter like the most brilliant star in the sky. They will no urinate, relieve nature, spit, or have any nasal secretions. Their combs will be of gold and their sweat will smell like musk. The aloes-wood will be used in their censers. There wives will be Hur**. All of the will look alike as if they are one person in the image of their father Adam, sixty cubits tall.”

P.329 number: 3331. Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Treat women nicely, for a woman is created from a rib, and the most curved portion of the rib is its upper portion. So, if you should try to straighten it, it will break, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked. So treat women nicely.”

P.330 number 3333. Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Allah has appointed an angel in the womb, and the angel says, “O Lord! Nutfah! (mixed drops of male and female sexual discharge) O Lord! A clot, O Lord! A piece of flesh.” And then, if Allah wishes to complete the child’s creation, the angel will say: “O Lord! A male or female? O Lord! Wretched or blessed (in the Hereafter)? What will his livelihood be? What will his age be?” The angel writes all this while the child s in the womb of its mother.”

P.330 number 3334. Narrated Anas: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Allah will say to that person of the (Hell) Fire who will receive the least punishment, ‘If you had everything on the earth, would you give it as a ransom to free yourself (i.e. save yourself from the Fire)?’ He will say, ‘Yes’. Then Allah will say, ‘While you were in the backbone of Adam, I asked you much less than this, i.e. not to worship others besides Me, but you insisted on worshipping others besides me.’”

P.331 number 3335. Narrated Abdullah: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Whenever a person is murdered unjustly, there is a share from the burden of the crime on the first son of Adam, for he was the first to start the tradition of murdering.”

P.331 number 3336. Narrated Aishah: I heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying, “Soul1 are like recruited troops: Those who are of like qualities are inclined to each other, but those who are dissimilar qualities, differ.”

    1. The Hadith may also mean that the souls of all the people had been created before the creation of Adam, and then they had acquaintance with each other.  The people whose souls had friendly relations will have a similar relation in this physical life, while those whose souls were not on good terms with each other will not have good relations in this physical life. [See Fath Al-Bari, for details]

P.387 no.3409
Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Adam and Moses (Musa) argued with each other. Moses (Musa) said to Adam, ‘You are Adam whose mistake expelled you from Paradise.’ Adam said to him, ‘You are Moses whom Allah selected as His Messenger and as the one to whom He spoke directly; yet you blame me for a thing which had already been preordained for me by Allah before my creation?’ Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said twice, “So, Adam overpowered Moses (Musa).”