The creation of sky (heavens) and earth

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Al-Baqarah

(2:22) It is He Who has made the earth a floor for you and the sky a canopy; and it is He Who sends down rain from the sky for the growth of fruits for your sustenance.  Therefore, do not knowingly set up rivals to Allah.

(2:29) It is He Who has created for you all that there is in the earth; and directed Himself towards the sky and fashioned it into seven heavens.  He has perfect knowledge of everything.

(2:164) Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, in the alternation of the night and the day, in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind, in the rain which Allah sends down from the skies, with which He revives the earth after its death and spreads in it all kinds of animals, in the change of the winds and the clouds between the sky and the earth that are made subservient, there are signs for rational people.


A’lay Imran

(3:5) For sure nothing in the earth or in the heavens is hidden from Allah.

(3:27) You cause the night to pass into the day and You cause the day to pass into the night; You draw the living from the dead and You draw the dead from the living; and You provide sustenance for anyone You wish without measure.

(3:190) For sure, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day there are signs for men of understanding.


Al-An’am

(6:1) All praise be to Allah, the One Who has created the heavens and the earth and made the darkness and the light; yet the unbelievers set up equal partners with their Lord (Rabb).

(6:59) He Alone has the keys of the unseen treasures, of which no one knows except Him.  He knows whatever is in the land and in the sea; there is not a single leaf that falls without His knowledge, there is neither a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry which has not been recorded in a Clear Book.

(6:96) He causes the daybreak (from the dark).  He makes the night for rest and makes (the rising) and (setting of) the sun and the moon for you to determine times (days, weeks, months and years), these are the arrangements of the Almighty, the All-Knowing.
(6:97) It is the One Who has made the stars for you, so that you might find your way thereby in the darkness (whether you are) on the land or the sea.  We have spelled out Our revelations very clearly for people of common sense.


Al-A’raf

(7:54) Surely your Rabb is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six Yome (time periods) and is firmly established on the throne of authority.  He makes the night cover the day and the day follow the night automatically.  He created the sun, the moon and the stars, and made them subservient to His will.  Take note: His is the creation, and His is the command.  Blessed is Allah, the Lord (Rabb) of the worlds!

(7:57) He is the One Who sends the winds bearing good news of His blessings, so when they lift up heavy clouds, We drive them along to a dead countryside and make the rain fall upon it and bring forth all kinds of fruits (from the same dead land).  Likewise We will raise the dead to life; this example is given so that you may learn a lesson.


At-Tauba

(9:36) The number of months ordained by Allah is twelve in the Book of Allah since the day He created the heavens and the earth.  Of these, four are sacred; that is the established principle of Deen…


Yunus

(10:5) He is the One Who gave the sun its brightness and the moon its light, established her phases that you may learn to compute the years and other such counts (days, weeks, months).  Allah created them only to manifest the truth.  He has spelled out His revelations for people who want to understand.

(10:31) Ask them: “Who provides your sustenance from the heaven and from the earth?  Who has control over hearing and sight?  Who brings forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living?  Who regulates the universe?” They will soon reply: “Allah.” Say: “Why do you not then fear Him?”

(10:67) He is the One Who has made the night for you to rest therein and the day so that you can see.  Indeed, there are signs in this for those who listen (to his message).


Hud

(11:7) He is the One Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods – at the time when his Throne was resting on the water – so that he may test which of you is the best in deeds.  Now if you tell them: “You shall indeed be raised up after death,” the unbelievers could certainly say: ‘This is nothing but sheer magic!”


Ar-Ra’d

(13:2) Allah is the One Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see, then firmly established Himself on the throne (of authority) and subjected the sun and the moon to His law – each one pursing its course for an appointed time.  He regulates all affairs.  He has spelled out His revelations so that you may believe in meeting your Lord (Rabb).
(13:3) He is the One Who spread out the earth and placed thereon mountains and rivers, created fruits of every kind in pairs, two and two, and makes the night cover the day.  Certainly in these things there are signs for those who use their common sense.
(13:15) Whatever is in the heavens and the earth do prostrate before Allah Alone willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and evenings.

(13:17) He sends down water from the skies and each channel starts flowing according to its measure, and then the torrent bears a swelling foam – like the scum which appears from metal which are melted (in the furnace) for making ornaments and utensils.  By such examples Allah depicts truth and falsehood.  As for the scum, it is thrown away, being worthless, but that which is useful for the mankind remains behind on the earth.  In this way Allah cites examples (to make His message clear).


Ibrahim

(14:32) It is Allah, Who has created the heavens and the earth  he sends down water from the sky with which He brings forth fruits for your sustenance.  He has made the ships subservient to you, that they may sail through the sea by His command; and likewise the rivers are made for your benefit.
(14:33) The sun and the moon are also assigned for your benefit, which steadfastly pursue their courses, (to cause) the night and the day for your benefit.
(14:34) He has given you all that you could ask for and if you want to count the favors of Allah, you will never be able to count them.  In fact, man is unjust, thankless.


Al-Hijr

(15:16) It is We who have decked the heavens with constellations and made them fair-seeming for the beholders;
(15:17) and We have guarded them from every accursed shaitan.
(15:18) Any shaitan that steals a hearing, there follows him a fiery comet.
(15:19) We have spread out the earth and set mountains upon it; and caused to grow every suitable thing therein,
(15:20) and We provided therein means of sustenance for you and (many other creatures) to whom you do not provide.
(15:21) There is nothing which is not in Our (inexhaustible) treasure and sent down in appropriate measure.


An-Nahl

(16:12) He has subjected to your service the night and the day, the sun and the moon: and likewise the stars also serve you by His command: surely there are signs in this for people who use their common sense.
(16:13) In the earth He has created things of different colors: surely there is a sign in this for those who want to learn a lesson.

(16:15) He has set mountains on the earth – lest it should move away with you.  (He also made) rivers and roads so that you may find your way;
(16:16) (and likewise made) landmarks and the stars for your guidance.

(16:48) Do they not see how every object that Allah has created casts its shadow right and left, prostrating itself to Allah in all humility?
(16:49) To Allah prostrate all the creatures of the heavens and the earth, including the angels; and they are not arrogant:
(16:50) they fear their Lord (Rabb) Who is above them, and they do whatever they are commanded to do.

(16:81) Allah has provided you shades (from the sun) out of what He has created.  He has granted you resorts in the mountains, has granted you garments to protect yourselves from heat; and coats of armor to protect you during your wars.  Thus He completes his favors to you, so that you may become Muslims.


Al-Isra

(17:12) We have made the night and the day as two signs.  We enshrouded the night with darkness and gave light to the day, to enable you seek the bounty of your Lord (Rabb), and that you may compute the years and count the numbers.  Thus, We have set forth all things in detail.

(17:44) The seven heavens, the earth and all beings therein declare His glory.  There is not a single thing but glorifies Him with His praise, but you do not understand their hymns of His glory.  The fact is that He is very Forbearing, Forgiving.


Al-Kahf

(18:7) We have decked the earth with all kinds of ornaments to test the people and to see which of them do the best deeds.
(18:8) In the end We shall reduce all that is on it to a barren wasteland.


Al-Anbiya

(21:30) Have not the unbelievers ever considered that the skies and the earth were once one mass, then We split them asunder?  And We have created every living thing from water.   Will they still not believe?
(21:31) And We have planted mountains on earth lest it should tilt to one side with them (the weight of people) and We left between them open passages so that they may find the right direction.
(21:32) And We have made the sky a safe canopy; yet they are heedless to these signs.
(21:33) He is the One Who has created the night and the day and the sun and the moon: all (celestial bodies) move swiftly in an orbit of their own.


Al-Hajj

(22:61) That is because Allah causes the night to enter the day and causes the day to enter the night and because Allah is Hearing and Seeing.

(22:65) Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you whatever is on the earth and the ships which run through the sea by His command? And He restrains the sky from falling upon the earth, unless by His permission. Indeed Allah, to the people, is Kind and Merciful.


Al-Mu’minun

(23:17) We have made seven avenues (heavens) above you; and We are never unmindful of Our creation.
(23:18) We send down water from the sky according to a due measure, then We cause it to settle in the soil – if We please, We can certainly take it away.


An-Nur

(24:35) Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp, the lamp is within glass, the glass as if it were a pearly [white] star lit from [the oil of] a blessed olive tree, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow even if untouched by fire. Light upon light. Allah guides to His light whom He wills. And Allah presents examples for the people, and Allah is Knowing of all things.

(24:42) And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and to Allah is the destination.
(24:43) Do you not see that Allah drives clouds? Then He brings them together, then He makes them into a mass, and you see the rain emerge from within it. And He sends down from the sky, mountains [of clouds] within which is hail, and He strikes with it whom He wills and averts it from whom He wills. The flash of its lightening almost takes away the eyesight.
(24:44) Allah alternates the night and the day. Indeed in that is a lesson for those who have vision.


Al-Furqan

(25:45) Have you not seen how your Lord extends a shadow?  If He wanted, He could make it constant.  Then We made the sun an indication of it;
(25:46) as the sun climbs up, We draw it in little by little towards Ourselves.
(25:47) He is the One Who has made the night a mantle for you, and sleep a rest, and made the day to rise up again.

(25:59) The One Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, and is firmly established on the Throne of authority; the Compassionate (Allah): [as to His Glory] ask the one who knows.

(25:61) Blessed is the One Who has decked the sky with constellations and placed in it a lamp and a shining moon.
(25:62) He is the One Who has caused the night and the day to succeed each other, for him who desires to learn a lesson or desires to render thanks.


An-Naml

(27:60) Is not He (Allah), Who has created the heavens and the earth, sends down rain from the sky and with it brings forth the beautiful gardens? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of trees (for those gardens). Is there another god besides Allah (who could do that)? No doubt they are a people who have swerved (from justice) in ascribing equals (to Him).
(27:61) (Just think) Who has made the earth a place for your residence, caused in it the rivers to flow, set mountains upon it and placed a barrier between the two seas?  Is there another god besides Allah?  Nay, most of them have no knowledge.

(27:63) (Just think) Who guide you in darkness on the land and the sea, and who sends the winds as heralds of good news of His mercy?  Is there another god besides Allah?  Exalted be Allah above what they associate with Him!

(27:86) Do they not see that We have made the night for them to rest in, and the day to give them light?  Surely there are signs in this for the true believers.


Al-Qasas

(28:71) Say, “Have you considered: if Allah should make for you the night continuous until the Day of Resurrection, what deity other than Allah could bring you light? Then will you not hear?”
(28:72) Say, “Have you considered: if Allah should make for you the day continuous until the Day of Resurrection, what deity other than Allah could bring you a night in which you may rest? Then will you not see?”
(28:73) And out of His mercy He made for you the night and the day that you may rest therein and [by day] seek from His bounty and [that] perhaps you will be grateful.


Al-Ankabut

(29:60) If you ask the disbelievers as to who has created the heavens and the earth, and subjected the sun and the moon (to His laws)?  They will certainly say, “Allah!”  How are they then being deluded away (from the truth)?


Luqman

(31:10) He created the heavens without visible pillars; He set mountains on the earth lest it should shake with you; and scattered through it all kinds of animals.  We send down rain from the sky with which We grow every type of noble species in pairs.
(31:11) This is Allah’s creation; now, show Me what is there that others (gods) besides Him have created? – in fact the wrongdoers are in manifest error.


Saba

(34:2) He has the knowledge of all that goes into the earth and that which comes out of it; and all that comes down from heaven and that ascends to it.  He is the Merciful, the Forgiving.


Fatir

(35:13) He causes the night to pass into the day and the day into the night, and He has made the sun and the moon to serve you; each one follows its course for an appointed term.  Such is Allah, your Lord; His is the kingdom; not those to whom you pray besides Him do not even own a thread of a date-stone.

(35:27) Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky with which We bring forth fruits of various colors? Similarly, in the mountains there are streaks of various shades including white, red, jet-black rocks.


Ya-Sin

(36:37) Another sign for them is the night; when We withdraw the daylight from it, and behold they are in darkness.
(36:38) The sun runs its course, this course is predetermined for it by the Almighty, the All-Knowing.
(36:39) As for the moon, We have designed phases for it till it again becomes like an old dry palm branch.
(36:40) Neither it is possible for the sun to overtake the moon, nor for the night to outstrip the day: each floats along in its own orbit.


As-Saffat

(37:6) We have indeed decked the worldly heaven with beautiful stars
(37:7) and have secured it against all obstinate rebellious shaitans.
(37:8) They cannot even hear the words of the exalted assembly (of angels) and they are darted at from every side (if they try to get closer),
(37:9) they are repulsed and are under a constant chastisement.
(37:10) Eavesdroppers are persuaded by a flaming fire of piercing brightness.


Az-Zumar

(39:5) He created the heavens and the earth to manifest the Truth.  He causes the night to succeed the day and the day to overtake the night.  He has subjected the sun and the moon to His law, each one following a course for an appointed term.  Is He not the All-Mighty, the All-Forgiving?


Ghafir

(40:61) It is Allah Who has made for you the night to rest in and the day to see your way around.  Surely Allah is bountiful to mankind, yet most of the people are not thankful.

(40:64) It is Allah Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky a canopy.  He has molded your bodies and molded them well, and has provided you with good things.  Such is Allah your Lord (Rabb).  So glory be to Allah, the Lord (Rabb) of the worlds.


Fussilat

(41:9) Ask them: “Do you really deny the One Who created the earth in two periods and do you set up rivals in worship with Him while He is the Lord (Rabb) of the worlds.
(41:10) He set upon it mountains towering high above its surface, He bestowed blessings upon it and in four periods (days) provided it with sustenance according to the needs of all those who (live in and ask) for it.
(41:11) Then He turned towards the sky, which was but smoke, He said to it and to the earth: ‘Come forward both of you, willingly or unwillingly,’ and they submitted: ‘We shall come willingly.’
(41:12) So, from this creation, He formed the seven heavens in two periods (days) and to each heaven He ordained its laws.  He adorned the lowest heaven with brilliant lamps and made it secure.  Such is the design of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.”


Ash-Shura

(42:29) Among His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the living creatures that He has spread in both of them: and He is capable of gathering them all together whenever He wants.


Az-Zukhruf

(43:10) The One Who has made the earth a resting place for you and traced out routes upon it so that you may find your ways.


Al-Jathiya

(45:5) and in the alternation of night and day, in the sustenance that Allah sends down from heaven with which He revives the earth after its death and in the changing of the winds, there are signs for those who use their common sense.

(45:13) He also subjected to you whatever is between the heavens and the earth; all from Himself.  Surely there are signs in this for those who think.


Qaf

(50:6) Have they never looked at the sky above them, and marked how We have made it and adorned it, and there are no flaws in it?
(50:7) And the earth, how We have spread it out and set upon it mountains and caused to grow in it every kind of beautiful vegetation.
(50:8) (All these things are) eye-openers and a reminder for every servant returning to (Allah).


Az-Zariyat

(51:47) We have built the heavens with Our hands, for We have the power to do so.
(51:48) We have spread out the earth; how excellent a spreader We are!


Ar-Rahman

(55:5) The sun and the moon move along their computed courses.

(55:7) He has raised the heaven on high and created the balance:
(55:8) don’t ever tamper with this balance.


Al-Hadid

(57:4) It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods (days), then firmly established Himself on the throne (of authority).  He knows all that enters the earth and all the emerges from it, all that comes down from Heaven and all that ascends to it; and He is with you wherever you are.  Allah is aware of all your actions.

(57:6) He causes the night to pass into the day and the day to pass into the night, and He has knowledge of the inmost secrets of your hearts.


Al-Mulk
(67:3) The One Who created the seven heavens, one above another, you will not see any flaw in the creation of the Compassionate.  Look once again, do you see any flaw?

(67:5) We have decorated the heaven of this world with lamps and We made them as missiles for pelting the shaitans and thus prepared for them the scourge of flames.


An-Naba

(78:6) Is it not true that We have spread the earth like a bed,
(78:7) and the mountains as pegs,
(78:8) created you in pairs,
(78:9) provided you rest in sleep,
(78:10) made the night a mantle,
(78:11) made the day to work for earning your livelihood,
(78:12) built above you seven firmaments,
(78:13) place therein a shining lamp,
(78:14) sent down abundant water from the clouds,
(78:15) bringing forth grain, vegetation
(78:16) and gardens of luxurious growth?


An-Nazi’at

(79:27) (O mankind), is your creation harder than the heaven that He built?
(79:28) He raised its canopy and fashioned it to perfection,
(79:29) He gave darkness to the night and brightness to the day.
(79:30) After that He spread out the earth,
(79:31) then from it He brought forth its water and its pasture,
(79:32) set its mountains,
(79:33) and made them beneficial for you and your cattle.


At-Takwir

(81:15) But no! I swear by the retreating stars;
(81:16) that run their course and hide;
(81:17) by the night as it dissipates
(81:18) by the morning when it breaths again.


Ash-Shams

(91:1) By the sun and its brightness;
(91:2) by the moon, as she follows him;
(91:3) by the day, which shows its splendor;
(91:4) by the night, which draws a veil over it;
(91:5) by the heaven and Him Who made it;
(91:6) by the earth and Him Who spread it;
(91:7) by the soul and Him who perfected it
(91:8) and inspired it with knowledge of what is wrong for it and what is right for it:
(91:9) indeed successful will be the one who keeps it pure,
(91:10) and indeed failure will be the one who corrupts it!